How To Fold An Origami Star Quilt Block

One of the joys of Origami is creating an original fold. It often takes several attempts to arrive at a wonderful model. I often begin with different origami bases and start folding from there. In this model I began with the traditional Pin Wheel Base.

I next pulled up the four points like a shark fin and squashed them down.

Balancing the Folds:

To create pleasing models you have to consider the symmetry of the objects you are creating. In this case I decided to use Radial symmetry because I wanted a star shape.

In many models you fold the same way more than once to balance the sides of the form. In this model I found that two and four Folds would be a good pattern to follow.

Consider Using Multiple Types of Folds:

Besides the usual Valley and Mountain Folds, this model also uses Squash Folds. It’s amazing how many variations are possible folding a single sheet of paper.

Flip and Center:

I next flipped over the model and folded the four points to the center allowing the under part to flip back out.

Notice the Cross in the Center:

A good way to check your progress is to look to the center of your model. If you see the four corners pointing to the central cross you are on target.

Time for Another Flip:

To see the model as above simply flip the model over. You are now ready to go to the next step.

Lift and Squash:

Put your thumb in the middle of the fold and lift the four middle points one at a time. Fold the points clear out to the middle edges of the fold and squash the paper down flat. All four points need to be folded this way.

Bevel the Corners:

Next, fold in the four corners of the square. This will create an octagon.

It’s Time for Another Flip.

Flip the model over to the backside. It should look like this:

Hands to the Center:

In the next step it’s easier if you think of your two hands touching in the front of your body. Notice how the two sides of the four shield meet in the middle.

You Guessed It! It is Time for Another Flip:

Now the Fun Part. Watch the Point Appear.

Next take the rectangular sections of the model on each of the four sides and fold them in half like this:

And Now, The Final Flip!

Turn your model over and see the final Star.

If You Want to Quilt Block You Will Have to Fold Some More!:

Learn How to Lock the Pieces Together:

If you look under the middle points on each of the four sides you will find a pocket. You can insert the middle points of other Stars in this pockets.

Something to Consider:

While folding this model you probably noticed the value of repetition. Some times we have, to see, hear, or try something many times before we see it’s value. Think of how many times you had to try before you could ride a bicycle. In life we need to take the time to listen to messages and examples of others to discover the true joys of life. I remember as a child listening to Bible stories and seeing the life examples of godly people around me. There came a day when it all made sense, and I, like those who taught me, decided to give my life to Jesus. I believed what the Bible repeatedly told me about His love for me and how He died, was buried, and rose again to pay the price for my sin and make a way for me to join the Family of God. He took my life and transformed me into someone He could use to share this good news with others. Just like I was able to transform a sheet of paper into a beautiful folded model, He can transform your life into a piece of artwork that shows His greatness and power.

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; all things are become new.” II Cor. 5:17

“You then, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable men who will also be qualified to teach others.” II Timothy 2:1-3

Another Fun Way to Use These Stars:

If you find a piece of gold or silver Origami paper in your pack, you can make an awesome Sheriffs Badge. If you compare the shape of the individual stars with a Sherrif’s Badge you will quickly see the similarity.

You can also make book markers like this cross. Can you think of others ways to combine them?

When Are Lice Nice? When They Are Barklice!

When one hears the word “lice” several scary thoughts enter your mind. “Blood sucking creatures”, “Creepy crawlers” , and other unpleasant images. Did you know there are some insects called “lice” that are not harmful? They are even helpful! Meet the Barklice.

I discovered these interesting creatures while we were walking around the yard of our friend’s house that had recently moved to a house out in the country on a large lot. My wife and a couple other ladies saw them on the trunk of a Mimosa tree and called me over to identify them. When I took a look I did not know what insects they were. I only recognized that they must be some type of “true bug” because of the way their wings overlapped on their backs. I had to do some research to find out what they were.

Move Around In Groups:

One characteristic that sets these insects apart is the way they travel around on the bark of trees. They wander like a herd of cattle. Traveling in groups makes them appear larger than they are so that predators have to think twice before taking on the large group. Like cattle, these creatures are grazing as they move around. Guess what they eat?

Nature’s Clean Up Crew:

These tiny little insects are beneficial because they feed on fungus, lichen, algae, and decaying plant scraps that grow on the surface of the bark of trees. So…if you find them on your trees, don’t be alarmed and definitely don’t grab a can of bug spray! No insecticide is needed. They are here to help!

Two Major Groups:

While reading up on these creatures I discovered there are two primary varieties of Barklice: Aggregating and Web Spinning. As these common names imply, one group travel around in groups while others wrap the trunks of trees in silky webbing while feeding on the bark beneath. The ones I viewed were the Aggregating variety. Apparently there are many species in each of these two larger groups. Some have wings while others do not. Some are black (like the ones pictured here), while others are yellow, green, gray or brown. Most have striped abdomen with banding similar to the bees. Some have very long antennae and others of varying size.

The Web Spinning group is classified in the Achipsocas group while the Aggregating group is in the Cerastipsocas group.

So What Should You Do If You Don’t Like Bugs on Your Trees?

For those who don’t like creatures crawling on their trees, rather than using insecticides to banish them, just grab a high pressure garden hose and spray them away. That way no poisons need to be inserted into the environment. Most people, after they learn more about the creatures they fear, are quick to change their view of things with a little education. Before taking knee-jerk reactions it’s good to take a little time to gather facts to make better decisions.

Think About It:

Have you noticed that all creatures, great and small, have a purpose in the larger scheme of things. This is by design! When God originally created every thing He placed each in just the right place within the world. It was only when man sinned in the Garden of Eden when nature was cursed and it became more difficult for man living in relation to the creation around him. Man’s role as caretaker of the Earth remains and we should recognize our responsibility to use the natural resources wisely.

If you take the time to investigate you can discover your purpose as given in God’s Word, the Bible. The more you look around you the more you will find He left a lot of evidence in His Creation to direct man to see there is a Creator and Sustainer.

Why Not Go Out And See If You Can Find These Insects In Your Neighborhood?:

If you would like to see these little guys in action, go out and find a tree. The easiest trees to find them on are the smooth barked trees like Crepe Myrtle and Mimosa trees since the insects stand out against the smooth background. They also can be found on oak trees and other hardwood trees, though they are harder to see there because of the texture and coloration of the bark.

Look in moist places on the trunks of the trees since the humidity helps the fungi, algae and lichen to grow. That is where they will be feeding. Move your hand over the group and watch them move away in a herd. They are really interesting little creatures.

Largest Native Moth in North America: The Cecropia Moth

What a Beauty!:

“Big” and “beautiful” are great words to describe this species of the Silk Moth Family.

Adult specimens can reach wingspans of from 5 to 7 inches. (Look at the hand under the moth for perspective.) Their fuzzy wings seem almost like velvet in texture. Notice the mixture of colors that combine to give them such a distinct look. This one is a female. Her antennae are much thinner than those of their male counterparts.

Release Your Perfume:

You might wonder why God created the males with larger antennae than the females. The antennae of the males are extremely sensitive so that they can use these organs to locate the females. The females emit very small droplets of pheromones which are a biological perfume that attracts the males for mating. Males can detect these pheromones from up to seven miles away.

You Better Find Her Quickly!:

There is a very short window for Spring mating since the adults do not have functional mouthparts. They don’t eat at all in this stage of development. Their only task is to find a mate and produce offspring before they run out of the stored food in their bodies.

Beware of Imposters!:

One of the predators of these moths is the Bolo Spider. This arachnid has his own bag of tricks. One of these is emitting an odor that closely mimics the female pheromones of the Cecropia moth. When an unsuspecting male moth comes in tracking this odor he gets snatched up by the sneaky spider. The poor female moth has to hope another male will replace him if she ever hopes to have her eggs fertilized.

Other Dangers:

Scientists have theorized that these and other moths navigate by the light of the moon. Since house lights are often brighter than the moonlight off in the distance, many moths zero in on porch lights and end up on the walls or windows near the light sources. This is where most people encounter them. Some nocturnal creatures like to catch and eat the moths as they fly through the air. Bats and Screech Owls especially enjoy them. Besides these dangers in adulthood the young also face many perils. Many parasitic wasps and flies lay their eggs on either the eggs or larvae of the young. These parasitic eggs usually hatch out when the caterpillars go into the pupae stage. The larvae of the flies and wasp feed on the pupa when it is all wrapped up waiting for metamorphosis to complete its life journey to adulthood.

Colorful Creatures:

You have already seen how beautiful the adults are with all their amazing colors. The other stages of these creatures are also colorful! The eggs, when placed on the tops or bottoms of the host plants, are reddish brown and cream colored. When the little caterpillars emerge they are totally black. As they continue to shed their skins while growing larger ( scientists call these instars) the caterpillars change colors. They go from black to yellowish green to almost blue green just before they cocoon. The caterpillars reach sizes up to five or more inches in length! That is a big creature!

The Cocoons Are Vulnerable:

If the parasites mentioned before haven’t attacked the caterpillars, the pupae in their cocoons are also in potential danger. Guess who likes to eat these fast food tidbits? Squirrels and Woodpeckers. Fortunately for the moths the cocoons are camouflaged to look like part of the branches to which they are attached. Most go into the cocoon stage in the early fall to remain inside until the warm Spring weather returns. They are wrapped up well in their winter jackets that insulate them from the freezing temperatures of the winter months. The silk used to weave the cocoons traps air between the strands that function like a warm sleeping bag to keep the pupae at just the right temperature for development. When Spring comes the adults emerge and pump up their wings and take flight to find their mates.

Strength in Numbers:

It is amazing how successful these creatures are when you see the many dangers they face. One way they survive is in the vast number of eggs that the females produce. Females can lay hundreds of eggs. Because there are so many scattered around she can be sure some of them will survive to carry on the species.

Keep Your Eyes Open!:

I hope you have enjoyed learning about these amazing creatures. Why not look around your neighborhood to see what creatures are out at night. Look around your porch lights and windows. You will find many other insects are attracted to lights. If you look carefully you may even find some that were caught by the spiders that have learned that house lights are good at bringing in their meals. As you look at the beautiful designs and behaviors of these creatures recognize that this didn’t happen by accident. Each creature is testimony to an Intelligent Designer. I believe this Creator is Jesus Christ. Consider the evidence of design. Consider what else you can learn about our loving, living God.

Special Thank You:

I would like to offer a special thank you to my neighbor, Brooke Thompson, who took this amazing photo of the Cecropia Moth that visited her house this week. She gave me permission to use her photo. Three of us in the neighborhood have posted pictures of different moths we have found around our windows this week. We live in a friendly neighborhood where most people enjoy the wildlife that abounds here in the Oak Lake area of Spring Hill, Tennessee.

The Lovely Luna Moth:

A Wake Up Call:

Who is knocking on the window at midnight? I had to investigate. I slowly opened the front door and went out to see a large green moth banging up against the window. It was attracted to the light coming through the window shades.

What a Beauty!

As you can see in the photos this is a large moth. It has semi-transparent lime green wings with eyespots of yellow and magenta. Scientists believe these eyespots confuse predators that think they are the eyes of larger animals. Each wing is covered in tiny scales that reflect the light and give the sings a shimmering effect.

The Tale of the Tails:

One thing you probably noticed right away are the long slender tails of this moth. Unfortunately this one had one tail broken off from banging into the window. Scientists have theorized that these long tails contribute to the moth’s survival by messing with the echolocation of one of their enemies, the bats. When a bat zeros in on the moth in flight it often misses the body of the moth and just gets a piece of the tail allowing the moths to continue on their way to find a mate.

No Time To Eat!:

A strange things about the adults is they never eat another meal. As young larvae they are ravenous gluttons eating as much as they can to grow in size before going into their pupal stage, but once they emerge as adults their life span is only days or hours. Their only parental duty is to find a mate!

Where and How Can They Find a Mate?:

Ever heard of pheromones? Pheromones are a biological perfume generated by the females to attract the males. Though emitted in microscopic proportions, they are very powerful attractants. A male can sense this odor from miles away and he follows it to where the female is waiting for his arrival. Once he finds her they mate and then the females finds leaves of host plants on which to deposit her eggs. She can place 200-400 eggs on the bottoms of these leaves. After that, she has done her duty, and she dies.

Tricky Larvae!:

What would you do if hundreds of predators were out to get you? Well, these little caterpillars are not without a few tricks up their sleeves. One strategy is their coloration. They are camouflaged to match their surroundings. If that does not work, they also can bang their mandibles (chewing mouthparts) together to make a noise loud enough to be heard by man. This clicking sound makes the predators pause long enough for their next trick. When a predator is about to take a mouthful of their body the larvae squeeze out some of the noxious stomach content which smells terrible and is very distasteful! This is like when someone is sick and barfs up the last meal they ate. It is not a pretty sight! This usually deters the animals seeking to eat them. If they do become a meal there are a lot more larvae than the predators can ever find. In this way there will be more Luna Moths in the future.

That About Wraps Things Up:

When the larvae reach the desired size they search for some dry leaves. They crawl inside and start to spin a tiny silk web. Just before they bind up the leaves to form their hiding place they emit any unnecessary food still left in their stomachs. This reduces their size do they can fit comfortably into the skin of the pupa for the next stage of their life. While inside the cocoon they undergo a marvelous transformation to become winged adults.

How Are We Going To Get Out of This One!

When it comes time for the adults to emerge from the cocoon they have to have a way to get out! Imagine if you were tied up in a whole lot of rope. It would be hard to escape. Well, these little creatures have been given special abilities to free themselves. One of these is tiny sharp spurs of chitin. This substance is like the stuff your fingernails are made of. These tiny knife-like structures allow the creatures to cut a circular ring that weakens the outside of the cocoon. They also have a special dissolving agent (like acid) that acts on the proteins in the silk to weaken its strength. After employing these two tactics the adults emerge from their bindings. When they first come out they are a gnarly sight, all wrinkled up and shriveled looking. They then start to pump fluid into their wings and they swell up and start to dry out hardening them for flight. The whole process is an amazing plan designed by our amazing Creator, God.

Ladies First?….Not!

One interesting thing about the timing of the emergence of these insects is that the males seem to come out well in advance of the females. This way they are already scattered around waiting for the ladies to arrive on the scene. As soon as the females start giving off their perfumes they are ready to find them. The window for mating is very short since neither the males or females have long to live after coming out of their cocoons.

Feathered Antennae: A Moth Characteristic:

If you look closely at the pictures in this blog you can find the antennae. Notice that they are much different than the long smooth antennae of butterflies. Moth antennas resemble feathers. This are designed as very sensitive sense organs to find their mates. The males have much larger antennae than the females. This is probably because they need them to detect the pheromones of the females.

Actius luna is the Scientific name of these insects.

These Creatures Point to Their Creator:

As you have seen in this post, these creatures are equipped with so many things necessary for survival. They are beautiful in design and suggest a marvelous Creator. If you have ever looked at a beautiful painting you probably wished you could have met the artist that created the piece. It was apparent that to make such a beautiful picture required a great deal of imagination and skill. As I look at the creatures I discover around me I can’t but notice these creatures could not have come to life without an intelligent powerful Creator who designed each with care and purpose. I hope you can see this evidence as well. He has not only left evidence in the things He created, He also has given us His Word, the Bible where we can learn more about His purpose for all things. He designed you with a purpose as well.

Cope’s Gray Treefrogs, The Original Tree-Huggers:

Mostly Hidden Wonders:

It was a real treat to find this little frog yesterday when I was weeding and trimming brush around my house in Spring Hill, Tennessee. Though these frogs are usually unseen they are often heard when making their mating calls usually in May and June of the year here in the Eastern part of the United States. Their call is a high pitched trill and can be heard from a great distance. (If you want to hear what they sound like you can find several examples on Google) .

Amazing Winter Survivalists:

Though we live in the south eastern portion, they are found even farther north on this side of the U.S. They can even survive the cold winter months using an amazing survival strategy. When God created these little amphibians He provided them with the chemical glycerol in their blood. Glycerol is like a biological antifreeze. When the cold winter months arrive the frogs go into a state of hibernation. Up to 80% of their little bodies can freeze up and their heart rate and breathing decrease to a minimal state. The glycerol allows them to survive by keeping their organs and membrane from breaking up. As soon as the temperatures rise to safe levels they thaw out and become active again.

Usually Live Alone:

These little frogs spend the majority of their lives in solitude. They only come together during the mating season. So where would you usually find them if you were to go out looking for them? Well, they don’t call them treefrogs for nothing! They are excellent climbers and have specialized toe pads which allow them to adhere to the bark of trees. Their moist bodies also help in keeping them in contact with the branches and trunks of the trees where they make their homes. Scientists use the term “arboreal” to describe creatures that live in trees.

Important Part of the Ecosystem:

Believe it or not there are a lot of food items up in the trees. They feed on flies and mosquitos and other small insects. The adults have a different diet than the young. In the early stages of metamorphosis the tadpoles/pollywogs are vegetarians feeding on algae and decaying plant material. After they shed their tails and emerge on land they subsist on a diet of smaller creatures like insects, worms, spiders, etc. These frogs are in turn eaten by many other creatures like birds, small mammals, larger frogs and salamanders, snakes and even giant water bugs.

Defensive Strategies:

Though they have many enemies, they also are equipped with some very effective defense mechanisms. One of these is their ability to change color and skin patterns to adapt to various surroundings. Though most often found in gray tones, they can also turn green and various shades of these colors. The one I found was a perfect match to the lichen growing on the wooden fence post. They can make this color change fairly quickly and even vary from dark to lighter shades depending on the surrounding temperatures. Warning! If you ever find one and decide to handle it, keep your hands away from your eyes and nose! They emit a toxic slimy substance from glands in their skin. It can cause a lot of discomfort if it gets in eyes or the mucus linings of your nose. It can also cause skin irritation in some individuals. It’s best to just observe them and not handle them in the wild.

If You Want to Win You Better Sing a Good Song!

When the mating season comes with the spring rainfall the males begin singing their songs trying to draw in a mate. He better sing a good strong song or he will be avoided by the picky females. They only go for the best performers.

Once a female is attracted the male grabs her and she lays her mass of jellylike eggs. (The female can lay a cluster if eggs from 100 to 200 in number in a single clutch.) The male then fertilizes the eggs and returns to his tree top existence. Shortly thereafter the little tadpoles emerge and begin feeding in the water. After a couple weeks they gain their front legs and drop their tails and crawl out onto the land to continue their life cycle.

Notice the Warty Surface of the Skin.

In the above picture you can see the texture of their skin. Like other amphibians their skin must remain moist so they can absorb air through their skin. They have receptors in their skin that can let them know about their surroundings. They are very sensitive to vibrations as well. Like other frogs they can hop away if danger approaches or crawl into crevices or under bark and into moss and lichen to hide.

Every Creature Has Its Place and Purpose:

When exploring your surroundings looking for creatures to study and watch their interesting behaviors, take time to consider the evidence of design. When God created the world and everything in it He had a reason and purpose for every thing He made. Each creature was given the built in features it would need to adjust to changes in its environment. Those creatures that would be food for others were designed to reproduce in greater numbers so that there would be enough food for the predators and enough survivors to carry on the species. You will find an incredible interdependent relationship between all creatures, great and small. The balance between how one organism affects the others can easily be knocked out of balance if we, God’s caretakers of His creation, don’t do our part in preserving the environment around us.

Do You Know Your Purpose?:

If you have never taken time to consider this important life question, it would be important to consider it now. According to God’s Word, the Bible, we were created to glorify God and enjoy His creation forever.

Colossians 1: 16 “For by Him all things were created, in heaven and earth, visible and invisible…..all things were created through Him and for Him.”

Hebrews 11: 1 and 6:

” Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance about what we do not see…..And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to Him must believe that He exists and that He rewards those who earnestly seek Him.”

God has given us so much evidence of His existence in creation. The closer we look the more we see. He also gave us His Word, the Bible with the recorded history of the world and the prophecies of the future. So many of the prophecies recorded there have already come true and there is so much more to come. Be sure you don’t miss the opportunity to personally have a relationship with your Creator.

Cave Salamanders: Creatures of the Night

Have You Seen Me?

This morning I discovered this little salamander when I went to move the trash can down to be picked up on garbage day. When I rolled the can away I saw the bright orange color and stopped to take a closer look. We had a good rainfall the night before after several days with little moisture. Since I am not familiar with the salamanders of the south eastern states I had to do some research and sought advice on its identity from some herpetologists friends. They believe it is Eurycea lucifuga, the Cave Salamander, AKA: Spotted-tailed Salamander. It’s interesting to know that these two common names are often used to describe other species of salamanders as well. This is why scientists use the universal Latin names of the creatures they identify.

What’s In A Name?

Interestingly the scientific name of this creature reveals a lot about its behavior. Its Latin scientific name is Eurycea lucifuga. The species name “lucifuga” comes from two Latin words: Lucis= light, fuga= flee. In other words these creatures flee from the light. They are nocturnal and will crawl under objects to avoid the light.

Rarely Seen Unless You Go Underground:

I was very fortunate to encounter this interesting creature since they are usually underground in cave systems or outside them only at night. Some spend their whole lives underground moving around in the caves where they live. Others live outside in moist environments where they usually are hiding under rocks and logs and in crevices of outcropping of limestone. Where we live there are several underground Spring systems within the rocky underground. In talking with others who have seen them in our area it was usually after the Spring rains when they were moving rocks or boards on the ground. I find it interesting that there are several creatures we rarely see since they are nocturnal and come out at night. I wonder how many other creatures live in my neighborhood that I have never seen? Think about the advantages of having some creatures active at night while others rule the day. By having this arrangement many creatures can live in the same area sharing the same environment.

Faster Than You Think:

One thing that surprised me about these little guys was the speed at which they can crawl away. When I went to capture this salamander for a closer look it took off in its attempt to get away. While doing research I learned that they have other defensive strategies as well.

Lift That Tail!:

When threatened these salamanders often raise their tails diverting predators line of site. They intentional draw attention away from their heads which is where the majority of attacks come from their enemies. Some of these include birds, small mammals, snakes, lizards, and fish. If this tail – lifting does not work, their enemies may be likely to release their prey once they get a mouthful of noxious fluid secreted from glands in the skin of the salamanders. God has equipped these creatures well for their survival.

Unique Navigation Design:

Think of how hard it would be to move around in an underground cave with little or no light. How do they do it? Scientists have discovered that these creatures actually use the Earth’s magnetic field as a compass to navigate around the caves where they live. Some actually move to different places in the caves according to the changing seasons of the year. They also have ways of finding their mates using chemical pheromones. Pheromones are like perfume released into the air to attract their mates. Each salamander is equipped with organs called Jacobson’s organs. These are very sensitive to even microscopic particles of these substances.

It’s Time To Rub Noses:

One strange behavior witnessed during the mating season of these amphibians is when they first make contact with their potential mates. After the male rubs his nose against the female new pheromones are released which stimulate the mating process to begin. After mating they go the separate ways. The female will eventually return to the underground streams where she will lay her eggs on the bottom of the stream bed. Sometimes the eggs are laid singly and other times in small clusters. Scientists still have a lot to learn about their life stories.

Metamorphosis:

As you have probably learned in your science classes, the amphibians are the only vertebrate animals that undergo metamorphosis, the changes in form from birth to adulthood. Like frogs, salamanders also go through change. The newly hatched young have gills and often are completely different in color and shape from the adults. In this stage of their lives they feed on microscopic crustaceans and insect larvae, especially the larvae of flies and mosquitos and other Diptera species. Just think how many more annoying mosquito bites we would face if these little guys were not on duty! After anywhere from 6 to 18 months the young change into their adult stage. Being larger and able to move around out of the water allows the salamanders to widen their diets. As adults they eat arachnids like spiders, ticks, and mites. They also chow down on many kinds of insects and crustaceans. They also like worms.

Beneficial Indicator Species:

If you find frogs and salamanders in the areas where you live it is a good sign of the water quality. Since amphibians have moist skin they absorb what ever chemicals are in the water. If you start seeing fewer amphibians you should take notice. This may be an indicator of potentially harmful substances like pesticides and toxic chemical waste substances in our streams, lakes and rivers. It is important for all of us to be careful in disposing of wastes so they do not end up in our water supply. Many laws have been established to prevent this from happening, but each one of us is a steward of the environment in which we live. As a Christian who believes God created the world in which we live, I take the Biblical dominion mandate to heart. God created man as the caretaker of His creation and made us responsible for how we take care for what He has given us. It’s a big responsibility in which the small things we do each day can insure the continuance of the beautiful world in which we live.

Think of the Bigger Picture:

As you explore your surroundings keep an eye out for things you have never noticed before. There are so many wonderful creatures in God’s creation. As you see new things, think of the bigger picture. Someone had to design each creature for where it would fit into the scheme of things. Each has a purpose that affects all the others. Just like God has a purpose for the salamander He has a bigger purpose for your life. Take a little time to consider what the Bible reveals about this plan. It will make your life more meaningful as well as open the door to everlasting life with the One who crested you.

Spike Form Construction

Explore the possibilities of using the origami fish base in new ways to create unusual origami sculptures:

I created this ten-pointed star using one of the four-sided double-pointed units.

To create the base form you need to follow the following folding procedure:

On the left side of the picture above you can see the four-sided double-pointed units. It takes four pieces of paper to form each spike, and takes 30 pieces of paper to create the ten-pointed star. Remember that a little glue goes a long way. Don’t use too much or it will take too long for the glue to set.

Here is another building base: the bird beak base.

To make this base you take two of the forms you made in the last project and glue them together into the bird beak shape. You can then combine them in many ways to create interesting spike forms like the one below. I will show it from many angles.

Glue them together to create interesting forms.

Here is another flower sculpture using the same units.

Below are a couple flower designs. You can interchange the bottom pieces to get different color combos.

What Can You Create Using These Forms?

Have you ever noticed that everything around you is made up of structural design units. These go clear down to the atomic level. The atoms combined allow for tremendous variation but sound structural integrity. The atoms then can be used to create compounds and more. Just like it takes thought to create origami construction units it took a Great Creator to design all of creation. If you look at living things you will also see evidence of a common Designer. Even though we see common parts like eyes, ears, legs, etc. we see a lot of variation in the ways these organs are combined. I’m glad that God chose to make many different kinds of animals, trees, fungi, Protists, and bacteria. All of these were created with a Devine purpose. It seems like the closer you look the more marvelous and complex the designs, clearly evidence of an awesome God.

As you explore creating new forms using these bases, take some time to consider God’s amazing design in your own body. He created you with a purpose and He wants you to be a reflection of His marvelous plan for the ages.

Psalm 139:14 and 17

“I praise you, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Wonderful are your works; my soul knows it very well.” …..”How precious to me are your thoughts, O God! How vast is the sum of them!”

If you take a few minutes to look up and read the rest of this Psalm of David, you can learn even more about God’s amazing creation of each individual and His bigger purpose for each life.

Show Me What You Can Do:

If you try using these origami building units, send me a picture to show me what you have created. I wonder just how many interesting things can be created by combining these units.

The two pictures above are a complete Wheel of the bird beak units that form a spike star.

By varying the color of the paper pieces you can create some amazing patterns like the following:

You can also create free-form sculpture like the following. I call this one “Fire”.

Below you can see four different star designs I have created using these same base units.

Bass Bonanza: A New Way To Extend Your Catch.

Fresh or Frozen?

This week the cold winter days of the past few months have begun to thaw out into Spring days. While having a slow day fishing with worms (which usually catch a lot of fish in our small lake) I met another fisherman who had been fishing in a kayak. He had caught a few small bass and crappie using minnows. As he was leaving he offered me the bucket of minnows he had left over. I hooked one minnow through the tail and flipped it out under a bobber. It only took a couple minutes before I hooked into a 12 inch bass. A while after that I caught a large shellcracker using the same method.

Don’t Waste That Bait!

Since it was getting cooler with the upstart of a cold wind, I decided to return home and warm up. I looked down and saw all the minnows in the bucket and hated to waste them but knew they would not live to the next day! So I took them home and put them in a couple Ziplock bags and threw them in the freezer.

This afternoon I took one of the bags of frozen minnows and hooked up a freshly thawed minnow. I decided to put it on the bottom of the lake with a couple split shot on the line instead of below a bobber. It was shortly thereafter that I hooked into this 16 inch spotted bass.

The Bigger the Better: Second Bass of the Day:

A little while later this 17 inch bass grabbed a minnow and bent the pole. A few bites later I caught a ten inch bass. Needless to say I had quite a stringer of fish to take home.

It’s Taco Time!

After getting back home I cleaned up the fish into several nice fillets. I rolled them in flower and fried them up in butter. Next, I shredded up some lettuce, sliced some tomatoes and onions, threw on some sour cream and cheese, and tossed it all in some taco shells.

Thank God for The Opportunity:

Each time I go to the lake to fish I am reminded of God’s goodness to us. His creation is an amazing gift to mankind. Sitting by the lake you have plenty of time to meditate on the things He has shown us, not only through His creation, but also through His Word. Before heading to the lake, I start each day with some time in the Bible. That gives me a little to think about while waiting for the fish to bite. I often spend time thanking Him for His many blessings including my surroundings and the opportunity to fish and watch the many creatures that live around the lake.

Think of Ways to Extend to Blessings:

While thinking about not wasting the left over minnows I was reminded of so many other things that could be extended. Why waste the opportunities for enjoying the blessings of God? Each day brings us opportunities to express our gratitude to God and others for the things they share with us. Being thankful makes our days more enjoyable as well as affects the mood of the others around us. What are several things you are thankful for? Why not take some time to express your gratitude? You will find it makes your days more fulfilling.

I Thessalonians 5: 18

In everything give thanks for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.”

Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches

Unusual Pets:

In the picture above you see my grandsons and I holding these calm friendly creatures.

Don’t Have a Hissy Fit:

What is the strangest pet you have ever had? One of mine was the Madagascar Hissing Cockroach. I actually had three of them for a couple years when I lived in California. I was able to pass them on to one of my students when we moved to Tennessee.

That Sounds Creepy!

Many people are creeped out by cockroaches, especially if they have had an infestation of the ones commonly found in the United States. If you find these in your house, you better call the exterminator! They can be very destructive and smelly. If they were to show up in your restaurant or hotel it might force a shut down until they were removed. Fortunately the Madagascar variety will not infest tour house or cause damage.

Movie Stars:

Since so many people are afraid of cockroaches, many movies include them to produce creepy special effects to catch your attention. You may have seen them in Men In Black as well as in shows like Fear Factor where a contestant is placed in a room with hundreds of these creatures which crawl over them creating a fearful looking stunt. Some shows even dare a contestant to eat them.

Really, Nothing to Fear!:

So why do the call them “Hissing” Cockroaches? These large insects are the only known insects to actually produce a Hissing sound by expelling air through their spiracles (tiny respiratory openings on the sides of their bodies). Three different kinds of hisses are produced by these Arthropods. One hiss is to scare away and startle enemies that get too close. Another hiss, produced by the males, attracts females. And a third hiss is the call to battle when two males encounter one another. As someone has said, “Their bark is worse than their bite”. As scary as this sounds, there is nothing to worry about (unless you are a cockroach). These insects are harmless to man and make excellent pets.

Low Maintenance:

If you want a pet that is not demanding constant attention, these guys are the ones you want. You will need a terrarium (fish tanks with a screened top work well), with a place to hide. Since these creatures are great climbers some people put a few inches of Petroleum Jelly around the top of their containers to prevent the creatures from escaping their enclosures. Though they are great climbers, they do not fly like other types of cockroaches. These ones are wingless. They do require a warm environment. If it is too cold their bodies shut down and they could die, so some people have a artificial heat source to keep their housing warm, though most of our homes stay at a reasonably stable temperature at or near 70 degrees. In their natural environment, in Madagascar, they live on an island just off the coast of South Africa.

These insects are a favorite pet for kids as well as adults. They are often featured at zoos and science centers where kids can handle them and learn more about insect behavior.

So What Do They Eat?

These insects remind you to eat your veggies. They are vegetarians and love to eat small portions of fresh vegetables as fruit. You can also get special pellets from your pet store that provide needed nutrients for their development. Some people feed them the same dry pellets they feed their dogs. You should have a small shallow source of water as well.

My cockroaches rarely hissed unless they were startled. They seemed to enjoy crawling around on our fingers.

Other Interesting Facts:

These guys have a life span of from 2 to 5 years.

About 99% of cockroach species are not pests and do not infest human habitats.

Cockroaches provide food for other organisms as well as help keep the environment clean by removing dropped fruit and leaves.

Cockroaches were created by God with a purpose.

The Scientific name of the Madagascar Hissing Cockroach is Gromphadorhina portentous.

These roaches are 2-3 inches long when they mature.

The male Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches have horns called “pronotum” as well as thicker hairier antennae than the females.

Cockroaches go through incomplete metamorphosis after emerging from their mothers as nymphs. They undergo many skin shedding (Molting) when they progress in size.

Mothers actually stay close by their young when they start their lives.

These roaches actually have companions that often live with them throughout their lives. These tiny mites (Gromphadorholaelaps schaeferi) are unique to the Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches and live in a commensal relationship with these insects and help clean the surface of their bodies while feeding on the mold that often grows on the Cockroach due to its moist environment. By removing the mold it extends the roaches life span. Both creatures benefit from this relationship.

Some states, like Florida, require a special permit for you to keep these creatures as pets, though most states do not.

Some people raise and sell Cockroaches to be used as food for reptiles.

You can often purchase a mated pair of Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches for around $12.

I got my cockroaches at a Reptile show in Sacramento where they were displayed along with many snakes and lizards. Some people were purchasing them for food for their pets while others wanted them to keep as pets.

Consider This:

The more I study God’s amazing creation the more I appreciate His care in design. Every creature has a purpose and place within the larger scheme of order. I believe He desires all mankind to look closer at His creation and consider His plan for our lives as well. Did you know He created all of these things for us to enjoy? Many times we fear things in creation that we don’t understand. By taking the time to observe carefully and do a little research we can overcome our fears and appreciate seeing a larger perspective of our place in the plan He has for our lives.

Special Note:

My grandsons are much older now than when these pictures were taken about six years ago. You may see these same kids in many of my other blogs. We enjoy exploring God’s creation together whenever we have the opportunity.

More Ways to Combine Modular Units

Let’s Make a Daisy Wheel and a Star Bracelet:

In previous posts I have shown you how to fold and glue the units to be used to create these new forms. It always amazes me how many ways the units can be combined.

To make these variations you just need to glue them together in new arrangements.

First Things First:

In order to have plenty of units to work with, you should find the colors of paper you want to use and determine the size of the units you will fold. In these projects all the units are the same size. To find the instructions for folding the base units look at my earlier blog entitled : Eco-Balls: Neat away to Recycle Paper which is found in the Origami section under the date of publication: Sept. 18, 2017. You will need 24 units to make the Daisy Wheel and 12 to make the Star Bracelet.

The Daisy Wheel

Above you can see one side of the project. Below I will show you the other side of the same form.

Below you can see the basic units used for this project.

Use 16 of the units to create 8 of the double units pictured on the bottom of the picture above. Keep the rest of the units as singles to add to the perimeter of the wheel you will make first. By gluing the 8 double units together you will have a Wheel.

Though the picture above shows three wheels you only need one.

Next, add the remaining 8 units to the perimeter to finish the form.

Now Let’s Try A More Difficult Form:

The Star Bracelet:

You need 12 units. Choose the colors you want in the finished form. I like to use two different colors to add interest, however, you can have all the same color for a monochromatic look or use more than two colors. It’s your choice.

Glue Together to Form Double Units:

Take your 12 units and make them into 6 double units. This time you will glue them in another way. You will probably find this project more difficult than the previous one. It all has to do with the gluing since it uses fewer units than the Daisy Wheel. Because less surface area is covered in glue you need to hold them together firmly and longer than you did when gluing up the double units.

Notice where the glue needs to be placed on the edges that will make contact with the other units.

Notice that the glue forms a “V” shape in the picture below.

The next few pictures show how the units go together.

Flat Surfaces Outward:

Continue gluing the units together keeping the flat surfaces outward. You should see a Star of David appear in the center of the form if you are combining them properly. It should look like the photo below.

Notice how the outer surface looks compared to the inner star form.

Now You Are A Star:

I hope you are enjoying learning how to make these various projects. If you create some new models on your own, please send me pictures.

Join With Others for New Possibilities:

While gluing these units together I often think of how we join together with others to accomplish different tasks. God has given each of us various gifts that make us different and needed by others in the Body of Christ, the Church. Our differences add contrast and interest just like the colors do in the projects above. It takes a Master artist to combine the pieces to make a whole. God has a place for you to make a difference in the world if you will let Him place you where He wants to. Be willing to combine with others even when they are different. You will be surprised how He can take people of every sort to accomplish His will and benefit all involved.

I Peter 2:4-6

“As you come to him, the living Stone-rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him- you also, like living stones, are built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For the scripture says: ” See, I lay a stone in Zion, a chosen and precious cornerstone, and the one who trusts in him will never be put to shame.”

Discover the Mystic Mist Flower

One of my favorite Fall blooming flowers here in Tennessee had been a mystery to me. I finally decided to look for an answer to its identity. After looking at about 50 pictures of flowering blue to purple native plants I finally found an answer. It is the Blue Mist Flower.

What’s In A Name?

To be more exact, the scientific name is Eupatorium coelestinum. The Latin genus name means “coned-shaped, nodding Flowers” while the species name means “sky blue”. It also goes by many other common names like: Wild Blue Ageratum, (though it is in another family than the Ageratums), Break-bone, Blue Bonset, and many others.

A Butterfly and Bee Favorite:

One thing you will notice quickly when these flowers start to bloom in late Summer and early Fall is the many kinds of insects that feed on this plant. You will see lots of different kinds of butterflies, bees, moths, beetles, and flies landing on the flower tops gathering nectar. For this reason they are often planted in Butterfly gardens by those who love to watch their Lepidoptera friends.

Often Comes in Multiple Colors:

It’s interesting to note all the variations you can find in the coloring of the flowers on these plants. Some times they are bright blue. Other times they are more purplish in color and they even come in white. I found it interesting that on some plants you could find all three colors.

Some Identifying Characteristics:

Blue Mist Flowers can be planted by seed but more often a gardener may find rhizome root cuttings to get a quicker result. As the plants grow and spread their underground root system insures they will be ready to spring up and flower in the years to come since they are Perennial plants. They usually grow up in large clumps of closely spaced stalks. They have opposite triangular leaves and usually grow to 1-4 ft. in height. They have composite flowers like other members of the sunflower family. The flowers almost look fuzzy when viewed in their flower heads. They have multiple, long, skinny petals. The flowering heads often tend to droop as they mature. When the leaves are crushed they smell similar to tomato vines.

Water Lovers:

You will often find these flowers growing anywhere where there is an abundance of water, like along ditches, creeks, rivers, lakes, low moist meadows, roadsides, and fence-lines. It is also interesting to note how important these plants are in preventing erosion from the water that runs over the surface on its way downhill. Their root system nets through the soft soil holding it in place.

Found to Be Useful in Many Other Ways:

While reading many different articles about these plants I found that they have been used medicinally for hundreds of years. Native Americans and early settlers used the crushed leaves to prevent ticks and mosquitoes from biting. They also used the essential oils to treat sore throats, coughing and skin conditions. One of their common names, Bone-break, comes from their use in treatment of broken bones. It seems that this plant’s rich antioxidants promote calcium production helping bones heal and become stronger more quickly. The oils from these plants have been used as an insecticide to prevent damage from nematodes in the soil that cause crop damage as well as being used in grain storage areas to prevent pests that can destroy the crops. It also kills and repels many kinds of mites and spiders.

It is important to note, however, that any medicinal use of these plants be guided by doctors and scientists that have tested these measures.

Some people are allergic to the pollen and oils of these plants. It is best to leave it to the experts to find new applications to the use of these plants. It’s interesting to note that the oils from these plants are often used in cosmetics for their antioxidants when mixed with other ingredients.

Often Used In Flowering Arrangements:

Since these flowers bloom in the Fall when many other types of flowers are scarce, you will often find them mixed in flower arrangements to add a little color and texture. Since they have long stalks they can easily be added to add height to and arrangement.

Thinking of Flowers:

While learning so many interesting things about these flowers God created, I was also reminded of the promise in Matthew 6: 25-34. How important it is to let God remind us through his creation of his love, care and purpose for us.

“Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or what you will wear. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothes? Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your Heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not much more valuable than they? Can any one of you by worrying add a single hour to your life? And why do you worry about clothes? See how the flowers of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you- you of little faith? So do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat? Or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the pagans run after these things, and your Heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and these things will be given to you as well. Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.” NIV

Tricky Triggerfish: Designed for Defense

Early Morning Discovery:

Get those lines down! The Triggers are waiting!“, was the cry we heard from the Captain of the Party boat, the Destiny, two hours out in the Gulf of Mexico from Destin, Florida in the early October morning.

I was in for a treat. I was about to hook into my very first Triggerfish. These amazing creatures have unique design and behavior that demonstrate the careful way in which a God made them. They have amazing defensive strategies.

Finally up and in the basket. Take a closer look and see how these fish differ from the ones you have caught over the years.

My fish was only 2″ smaller than the one that won the 2020 Destin Fishing Rodeo daily contest when we got back to the dock.

Above you can see The Daily Winner that was Bigger than My Fish.

The Destin Fishing Rodeo is an annual event in Florida to bring in fishermen to extend the tourist season into October. There are daily and overall prizes in several different categories of kinds of fish and age divisions. When you come in for the weigh in, expect a large crowd of onlookers. You will also meet the current reigning Miss Destin Beauty Queen who poses with those who catch the big ones.

Fancy Fins

One of the most fascinating behaviors of the Triggerfish is the way it uses its fins. Triggerfish have two spines on the front of their dorsal fin that are designed to help the fish escape predators. When a shark, Amberjack, Grouper, Sailfish, Marlin or other large fish comes in to attack, the Triggerfish flees into a crack or crevice in the rocky bottom. They then slide into the opening and spring their trigger fins to lock themselves in. The spines interlock when sprung and this makes it almost impossible to remove. When you get one on the line, be sure to maintain pressure so they don’t drop down and use this same trick on you. The name “Triggerfish” comes from this behavior.

Put On Your Armor!

When God created the Triggerfish He gave them a suit of armor. The outer skin of the triggerfish is so strong that when you try to clean them with a knife, you cannot cut through their outer skin. While watching the deckhands that cleaned my fish I saw that they had to cut through the thinner skin around the upper dorsal fins or enter through the vent at the bottom of the fish. They then peeled back the skin while ripping it away from the flesh beneath. The guy that cleaned mine kept the two large pieces of skin to take home, cover with salt, then scrape away any remaining flesh to create leather to use to make knife sheaths. While thinking about how much protection God gave these fish, I was reminded of the Armor God has given to His children to ward off the attacks of Satan. (You can learn more about this in the Bible, Ephesians 6: starting at verse 11.)

How to Out Trick The Bait Stealers:

One thing we had to learn quickly was that the Triggerfish are masters at bait stealing. The deckhands told us that, if we had no bites within 30-45 seconds, we needed to reel in and rebait. So, how does one out trick a tricky Triggerfish? Use circle hooks and the fish will often hook themselves. These special hooks are designed to curve into the lips of the fish as soon as they bite down on the bait. Don’t jerk the line, just reel up as fast as you can. You can also bait your hook with pieces of squid which stay on the line better than the other cut fish bait.

Be Ready for a Battle!

Of the five kinds of bottom fish I caught during my three days of fishing in the Gulf, the Triggerfish were the hardest to bring in. They put up quite a battle. The oval shape of the body of this fish creates a lot of surface tension and resistance when traveling through the water as the fish swims sideways while trying to escape.

Make Sure It’s a “Keeper”!:

Only one of the six Triggerfish I caught was a keeper. Triggerfish, at the time of my trip had to be at least 15 inches long to be “keepers”. The one that I was able to keep was 20 inches long. Depending on the area and season restrictions you may not be able to keep any of these fish. Fortunately for us, they had reopened the season in October due to the lower number of fish harvested this year because of the Covid crisis. Be sure to check the current fishing regulations if you go out to fish in the Gulf of Mexico. If you go on a registered Party Boat the Captain and Crew will help you know which ones you can harvest.

Tricky Teeth:

Triggerfish have an amazing set of “choppers”. Their front teeth are very well developed and are used as chisels to bore holes through hard-shelled prey.

Above is a picture of a Triggerfish skull that shows you what these teeth look like. Since the mouths of these fish are so small, the teeth extrude out through the lips. Even though Triggerfish can chisel through thick shells they have other tricks that make acquiring food quicker.

Be Like a Helicopter:

Two food items Triggerfish like to eat are sand- dollars and sea urchins. To get to the meat inside these creatures requires a strategy. The Triggerfish uses its fins to hover in the water vertically above the sandy bottom of the sea floor. They then squirt out a stream of water through their mouths to blow away the sand exposing the sand-dollars hiding in the sand. Next, they grab their prey in their teeth and swim up and drop it until in lands on its back. The bottom side of the sand-dollar is much softer than the top making access much easier. Once flipped, the fish will descend rapidly and ram the inverted sand-dollar with its hard front teeth cracking the shell. They then quickly gobble up the soft creature inside and repeat the process again and again.

I’ve Got My Eyes on You:

As you have seen in the pictures in this blog, the Triggerfish has eyes high up on the sides of its body. These are placed in just the right place for the Triggerfish to locate and target its prey as well as keep an eye out fir predators.

Just One of Many Bottom Dwelling Fish:

In the above picture you can see only one Triggerfish in the Cooler. If you compare how many snapper fish there are in relation to the Triggerfish you get a pretty good idea that it is pretty special to catch a Triggerfish.

Triggerfish are usually caught when people are trying to catch grouper, Amberjack, snapper, and other game fish since they all live in the same areas. Don’t be disappointed, however. The triggerfish is one of the tastiest of them all!

Fish Family Matters:

While researching these fish I discovered some amazing things about the roles of the parent fish as well as the behaviors of their young. The male Triggerfish actually build and prepare the nesting sites before the females arrive during the nesting season. The males actually prepare more than one nest because one male may mate with several females. The males create depressions in the sandy bottom and guard their territories aggressively. They have even been known to attack scuba divers if they invade their territory, though they pose very little danger to humans. The females will deposit hundreds of thousand eggs and the males then supply the milt to fertilize them. The mothers will stay close by the nests until the eggs hatch. They frequently use their fins to oxygenate the eggs to help the embryos develop. After the eggs hatch the young will rise to the top of the water column where they feed amongst the sargassum (a type of brown seaweed that floats in masses on the surface of the ocean). Within the sargassum the baby fish find all kinds of tiny crustaceans and other food items. When the youngsters mature they drop back down to the bottom of the ocean to live out the rest of their lives.
Triggerfish have been known to grow as large as 30 inches and weigh up to 13 lbs., however these large triggerfish have had to survive for about 16 years to reach that size. As you can guess, most are much smaller, more in the 14 to 17 inch range.

Well, I hope you have enjoyed learning about Triggerfish. Maybe you can go out and catch some yourself.